Maya and Aztec

Ancient Mesoamerican civilizations






Coba (maya)

Category: Cities

The city of Coba covers an area of around 70 km s., and the principal groups of buildings are situated near the lakes of Coba and Macanxoc.

It has an important network of white roads (sacbeoob) of varying lengths, which connect it with other building groups and prehispanic settlements, the most notable example is Sacbe 1, which’ is 100 kms. long and reaches the site of Yaxuna, near Chichen Itza. The major roads or causeways tvere built between 600 and 800A.D. During this same period of time, the stelae of Coba were erected. These were sculptured stone monuments on which the basic events of the ruling class were registered.

The inhabitants, who did not belong to this social class, lived on the outskirts of the central zone and their dwellings did not differ much from the ones inhabited by present day Mayans. It is estimated that the population of Coba in the 8th century was approximately 55,000 inhabitants.

Between 800 and 1100 A.D., construction development reached its peak. The classical architectural style of Coba resembles more that of the Peten of Guatemala than that of northern Yucatan. By the time of the Post-Classic period, Coba lost Its superior force and other cities from along the coast, such as Tulum, Xcaret, Tankah and El Rey, began to flourish.

Nohoch Mul
This Croup covers an area of 2,400 sq. mts. and was built atop a natural elevation. It boasts the tallest structure in northern Yucatan (42 mts). This building, known as Nohoch-Mul, coming from the Maya nohoch meaning big, and mul meaning mound, it comprised of seven bodies with rounded corners and two stairways on the southern side. The upper temple corresponds to the Post-Classic period (1100-1450 A.D.) and in the niches of the facade one can observe descending god.

Between 800 and 1100 A.D., construction development reached its peak. The classical architectural style of Coba resembles more that of the Peten of Guatemala than that of northern Yucatan. By the time of the Post-Classic period, Coba lost Its superior force and other cities from along the coast, such as Tulum, Xcaret, Tankah and El Rey, began to flourish.

Special thanks to Natalia Kuznetsova for splendid photographs!

 


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