Maya and Aztec

Ancient Mesoamerican civilizations






Archives for the ‘Aztec’ Category

Brief history of the Aztec Empire

Category: Aztec

In the period from 1068 to 1168 AD (Presumably in 1168) Chichimecas tribe left their legendary homeland – the island Aztlan (“the place where herons live”, “the place of herons”). The exact location of the island is unknown, but many researchers believe that it was somewhere in the northern Gulf of California. From the word […]



Conquest of the Aztecs

Category: Aztec

Cortes First March to Tenochtitlan Upon arrival, Cortes founded a town and called it Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz. At about the same time he had all ten of his ships scuttled and sank so that his followers could not escape Emperor Montezuma’s ambassaders eventually appeared in the Spanish camp. They brought with them […]



The Aztecs Arrive in the Valley of Mexico

Category: Aztec

Following the collapse of Teotihuacan, the Toltecs swept down from the north and wiped out the few remaining survivors and took over the Valley of Mexico. They set up a capital in Tula under a ruler named Topiltzin. Then, Tula itself fell to invaders in 1224. The fall of Tula led the way for the […]



Aztec Religion

Category: Aztec

The Aztecs and other Mesoamerican cultures believed that several successive worlds (4) had existed before ours, and each time mankind had been wiped out by some catastrophic event. This series of worlds were called the “Four Suns.” and the age that we now live in is the fifth. The ancient Aztecs believed that two beings […]



Aztec Architecture

Category: Aztec

Unfortunately, the city Tenochtitlan was destroyed by Cortes immediately after the Aztecs were con­quered. Today, we find the location of the former central square of Tenochtitlan coincides perfectly with the location of the Zocalo in Mexico City. Buried under the pavement of the modern Zocalo lies a wealth of buried artifacts. Legend tells us that […]



Some facts about Motecuhzoma, Cortes and Malinche (Donna Marina)

Category: Aztec

The leader of the Aztecs was the Emperor Montezuma. Montezuma was a man approximately forty years of age He had a long but cheerful face, and wore his hair just long enough to cover his ears Montezuma was of above average height and well proportioned, not fat His black beard was scanty and well-shaped He […]



Aztec Military

Category: Aztec

Aztec children were dedicated to war from the day that they were born. At birth, their umbilical cords were cut and buried with a shield and arrows. The children were told that they had come into the world to fight. Boys that wore six or seven attended telpochcalli. These were neighborhood schools where the) received […]



Origins of the Aztecs

Category: Aztec

Archaeologists believe that the first Native Americans entered the New World by way of the Bering Strait. This migration took place during the “Ice Age.” or Pleistocene. They crossed the strait when lowered sea levels between Siberia and Alaska ex­posed a land bridge. We do not know the exact date of the first arrivals, but […]



Lifestyles of the Ancient Aztecs

Category: Aztec

Ancient Aztec children were usually born with the help of a mid-wife. After the umbilical cord was cut, the mid-wife washed the baby and prayed to the water god Chalchiuhtlicue. Soon after the prayer the name of the child was announced. Most Aztec children survived on a strict diet of corn cakes and mothers milk. […]



Tenochtitlan – Capital of the Aztecs

Category: Aztec

The Mexica or Aztecs from Aztlan, were guided by their god Huitzilopochtli, while they traveled for many years. They were told to go until they found an eagle sitting on a cactus eating a serpent. Finally, they found what they were looking for on the shores of Lake Texcoco. Unfortunately, they were among the last […]






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